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With teacher Georgiana since 2011.

#245 The court of law in the USA -part 2


Today, let’s keep talking about words related to trials. And to help you improve your English fluency, I have created a fun mini-story. As usual, I will ask you many simple questions you must answer quickly. It’s just like having a conversation with someone in real life.

Okay! Let’s start!

#1 Expert witness

An expert witness is someone who, in a trial, gives their professional and impartial opinion on a specific topic related to the trial. Sometimes they may prepare a report or testify.


The expert witness gave his professional opinion on the box. It was indeed an empty box of chocolate chip cookies.

#2 Witness

witness is someone who has direct knowledge of the facts on trial. Witnesses are essential because they can help determine a defendant’s guilt.

For example, a witness can provide key information about the crime’s circumstances and help confirm whether the defendant was present at the crime scene.


The witness testified with horror that he saw the defendant eating and tasting the last chocolate chip cookie in the box.

#3 Cross-examination

In trials, an attorney asks the defendant and others questions to find out more about what happened.

For example, imagine this cross-examination between the prosecutor and the defendant:

– So, why did you lick your fingers?
– Because they were covered in chocolate.
– There are no further questions, Your Honor.

#4 Judge

The judge is the most influential person in the courtroom. They preside over the trial and pass sentences. ‘Your Honor’ is a respectful form to address a judge.

The judge ruled that the defendant was guilty of eating the last cookie without sharing it with his friends.

#5 Jury
On the other hand, a jury is a randomly selected group of people to decide whether a person is guilty or not guilty.

The judge had to break for lunch as the jury got hungry after hearing about cookies for hours.



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